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This article discusses the social and emotional impact on children and families with Tourette's syndrome, and explains that tic severity is not associated with dysfunction in social, behavioral or emotional functioning among children with Tourette's disorder. However, the results highlight the importance of treating comorbid AD/HD in cases when it is present, as social and behavioral dysfunction in children with Tourette's is specific to comorbid AD/HD. Family functioning is an important factor in adjustment to Tourette's, with or without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Excerpts from :
Social and emotional adjustment in children affected with Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome: associations with ADHD and family functioning. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2000 Feb;41(2):215-23 (ISSN: 0021-9630), Carter AS; O'Donnell DA; Schultz RT; Scahill L; Leckman JF; Pauls DL
"This study examined social-emotional functioning in children with Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome (TS) alone and children with TS and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In addition, the contribution of family functioning to social competence was examined ...
... Children with TS and ADHD evidenced more externalizing and internalizing behavior problems and poorer social adaptation than children with TS only or unaffected controls.
... Tic symptom severity was not associated with social, behavioral, or emotional functioning among children with TS, even after stratifying by medication
status. However, ADHD diagnosis, obsessional symptom severity, and family functioning were significantly associated with social and emotional adjustment
among TS children. Moreover, family functioning was associated with social and emotional adjustment even after controlling for TS and ADHD diagnostic status.
... These findings demonstrate that much of the social and behavioral dysfunction in children with TS is ADHD-specific and children with TS alone have a very different social-emotional profile than do those with TS plus ADHD."
(Just a note: this website was
designed for newcomers to Tourette's syndrome, to be read through in page order.
Strengths and advantages associated with Tourette's syndrome
Growing up with Tourette's
Syndrome: Information for Kids
HBO Documentary on Tourette's Syndrome
Syndrome Research Article Summary
Tourette's Syndrome - Now What?
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